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MLA Style 9th Edition: Home

MLA Handbook

Why Citations?

Academic scholarship is built on presenting factual information. Facts help distinguish between what is "opinion" and what is "credible." Your professors will often require you to present an essay with citations that will anchor your burgeoning academic work.

Citations will allow you to:

  • Demonstrate a trail of evidence that supports your thesis/claim/argument.
  • Show your professor how to find the evidence quickly and efficiently.
  • Protect intellectual property rights.

When should you cite?:

  • Direct Quotations: When you use the author’s exact words
  • Paraphrasing: When you summarize someone else’s words or ideas
  • Facts: When you mention something that is not common knowledge
  • Images: When you use pictures, charts, and graphics that someone else created in a presentation 

Adapted from City College of San Francisco "Citing Sources" Libguide


As a Napa Valley College student, you have access to an online citation generator called Noodletools. Make fast easy citations by logging in and creating new projects.

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Schedule an Appointment with a Librarian

Current Hours: 
Monday-Thursday: 9AM-5PM
Friday: 9-12 Noon
Saturday-Sunday: Closed



Phone: (707) 256-7400

Location: 2277 Napa Vallejo Hwy, Bldg 1700, Napa, CA 94558

CC License

Creative Commons License CC by NC 4.0 This guide was created by Tessa Withorn and Jillian Holt Eslami and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.